In Britain, researchers have tracked thousands of kids since they were born in the 1990s. Now, the study has recently turned 21, and the second generation of participants is beginning to be born. According to the journalNature,the researchers have examined nearly every imaginable aspect of the children’s lives through clinical examinations, millions of tissue samples, and thousands of questionnaire pages. The goal of the study is to trace how genetic factors and environmental factors in the children’s early years affects them in later years.

On April 18th, collaborators from around the world to discuss what they have learned from the study – known as the Avon Longitudinal Study of Parents and Children (ALSPAC) or Children of the 90s. Among the many discoveries to arise from the wealth of data collected was the association between peanut oil in baby lotion and the rise of peanut allergies. This finding prompted manufacturers to begin identifying baby lotion ingredients on labels.

Even with dozens of important discoveries already made using its data, the study’s leaders expect that most of the important discoveries will happen in years to come, when there are new scientific methods with which to study the data collected, particularly with regards to genetics. Could the Children of the 90s study result in even more revelations concerning food allergies?

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